By Dorothy McBride Stetson
Containing the result of a cross-national study undertaking on abortion politics in 11 democratic states (between the Nineteen Sixties and 2000), this quantity marks significant development in abortion learn. It develops a complete study layout to envision even if women's coverage organizations (institutional teams meant to enhance the prestige of girls) have functioned as worthwhile and powerful allies of women's hobbies. It explores their efforts to achieve entry to strength arenas and safe abortion legislation that coincide with feminist ambitions. certainly, those findings represent a rigorous software of comparative method to evaluate reasons from social circulate and democratic thought referring to adaptations in country feminism and circulate luck.
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Additional resources for Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics)
All major interest groups, especially economic ones, participate in the pre-parliamentary legislative process. In addition, Austria is a 'party state, with all elections . . being structured by parties and all office holders in the representative institutions being party nominees and, in almost all cases, also party members and functionaries' (Muller 19960:59). 2 They controlled not only policy-making but also the civil society through a network of affiliated organizations, such as youth organizations, sport clubs, and organizations for women and retirees.
The chairwomen of the women's organization was a member of these bodies. At the time of the second debate the leader was moderate first-wave feminist. As in the first debate, reform of abortion law was a central demand of the Social Democratic women's organization. In the late 19705 second-wave feminist arguments brought forward by younger, better-educated members, became more and more popular within the Social Democratic women's organization. * Women's movement characteristics At the time of this debate, the women's movement was in the growth stage.
AUSTRIA * 30 * Policy environment The policy sub-system and leadership had not changed. The Austrian Social Democratic Party was still in power, having the majority of MPs, and able to exercise strong left-wing control. Therefore the party could reject any parliamentary initiatives aimed at reopening the abortion question brought forward by the opposition parties. Given the power structure at the time, the political opposition had no access to the political agenda. The only political means to reopen the debate and move towards a new policy on abortion was through the people's initiative, which directly involves the Austrian citizens in policymaking.