By Ljubov Z. Sova
Translated from Russian
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Extra info for Analytical linguistics
Linguistic elements can be broken down into more simple ones and more complex ones which are defined in terms of the more simple ones. ”3 Therefore, it is natural to present such an ordering 3 Analogically: F = ma, where F is expressed in terms of m and a. 4 As a result, we would obtain a system of linguistic elements and this means that we would be able to present a linguistic theory in the form of a hierarchy of definitions corresponding to this system. 5 2. In conformity with our task this would mean that the linguistic theory on the basis of which we intend to construct a generating mechanism which interests us, would be represented in the form of a hierarchy, at the very top of which there would be the definition of the concept of the linguistic element “the sentence,” and at the very bottom the definitions of concepts of those initial linguistic elements from which it could be drawn.
The form of the wordk–1 The form of the wordk The wordk–1 The wordk The meaning The meaning of the wordk–1 of the wordk The semantic bondi Utilizing the results presented in diagram 13 and the conventions accepted above, we will obtain diagram 14. Diagram 14 The formal chain The sentence The semantic chain The obtained result makes it possible to state that a sentence is an aggregate of a formal chain and a semantic chain. And if we give the symbol „<” the same operational meaning that we have given to the symbol „^,” which 8 Concerning the procedures of explicating the semantic bonds, of separating them from the formal bonds, and of synthesizing the formal-semantic bonds from the signifiers and signifieds, – cf.
This experience suggests that the linguistic element “the sentence” should be an object in which both characteristics are inherent simultaneously: that it is a thought expressed in words, and that it is a chain of word-forms making sense. It compels us to add one more definition to the analyzed definitions of the linguistic element “a sentence is a chain of connected words” (about other possible definitions of the term “the sentence” cf. ). In this way, we obtain a set of three definitions: 1.